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Present day Bangladesh has a long history in its cultures. The land, the rivers, and the lives of the Bengali people formed a rich heritage with marked differences from neighboring regions. It has evolved over the centuries and encompasses the cultural diversity of several social groups of Bangladesh. The Bengal Renaissance of the 19th and early 20th centuries noted Bengali writers, saints, authors, scientists, researchers, thinkers, music composers, painters, and film-makers have played a significant role in the development of Bengali culture. The culture of Bangladesh is composite and over the centuries has assimilated influences of Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. It is manifested in various forms, including music, dance, and drama; art and craft; folklore and folktale; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebrations; as well as in a distinct cuisine and culinary tradition.
Victory Day is celebrated on December 16 to commemorate the victory of the Allied forces High Command over the Pakistani forces in the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. The Commanding officer of the Pakistani Forces surrendered his forces to the Allied forces commander, which marked ending the 9 month-long Bangladesh Liberation War and 1971 Bangladesh genocide and officially secession of East Pakistan into Bangladesh.
Pohela Boishakh is the celebration of the Bengali New Year in Bangladesh. Occurring on 14 April it is the first day of the Bengali calendar. The traditional greeting for Bengali New Year is "Shubho Noboborsho". In Bengali, Pohela stands for first and Boishakh is first month of the Bengali calendar. Bengali New Year is referred to in Bengali as "New Year or "First of Boishakh".
Eid-ul-Fitr ("festival of breaking of the fast") is one of the two important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide each year. The festival marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. This is a day when Muslims around the world show a common goal of unity. Eid -ul-Fitr is celebrated through gatherings of family and friends, meals, wearing new clothes, giving gifts, etc.
The Durga Puja is an annual Hindu festival in South Asia that celebrates worship of the Hindu goddess Durga. The Durga Puja festival marks the victory of the Goddess Durga over the evil buffalo demon Mahishasura. Thus, the Durga Puja festival epitomizes the victory of Good over Evil.
Christmas is an annual commemoration of the birth of Jesus Christ and a widely observed holiday, celebrated on December 25 by millions of people around the world.
Popular modern customs of the holiday include gift giving, Christmas music and caroling, an exchange of Christmas cards, church celebrations, a special meal, and the display of various Christmas decorations, including Christmas trees, Christmas lights, nativity scenes, garlands, wreaths, etc. In addition figures such as Santa Claus are associated with bringing gifts to children during the Christmas.
Budda Purnima is a Buddhist festival celebrated in Bangladesh. It commemorates the birth, enlightenment and death of Gautama Buddha. On this day, devout Buddhists and followers alike are expected and requested to assemble in their various temples before dawn for the ceremonial, and honorable, hoisting of the Buddhist flag and the singing of hymns in praise of the holy triple gem: The Buddha, The Dharma (his teachings), and The Sangha (his disciples). Devotees may bring simple offerings of flowers, candles and joss-sticks to lay at the feet of their teacher. These symbolic offerings are to remind followers that just as the beautiful flowers would wither away after a short while and the candles and joss-sticks would soon burn out, so too is life subject to decay and destruction.
International Mother Language Day:
International Mother Language Day is an observance held annually on 21 February worldwide to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism. It was first announced by UNESCO on 17 November 1999. Its observance was also formally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution establishing 2008 as the International Year of Languages.
International Mother Language Day has been observed every year since 2000 February to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism. The date represents the day in 1952 when students demonstrating for recognition of their language, Bengali, as one of the two national languages of the then Pakistan, were shot and killed by police in Dhaka, which is the capital of present day Bangladesh.
The Independence Day of Bangladesh is 26 March and it commemorates the country's declaration of independence from Pakistan in the late hours of 25 March 1971 by the "Father of the Nation" Bongobondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
On 26 March 1971 the independence of Bangladesh was declared and the Liberation War began. The people of then-East Pakistan took part in this war to liberate Bangladesh from the oppression of military leaders of Pakistan. Independence for Bangladesh was gained through a nine-month civil war against the Pakistani Army, which resulted in the loss of about 3 million lives.
Nabanna (New Crop) is a Bengali harvest celebration usually celebrated with food and dance and music. It's a festival of food; many local preparations of Bengali cuisine like pitha are cooked and offered.
The festival is celebrated with mela which are called nabanna mela.
Boat race is one of the traditional sports of entertainment of riverine Bangladesh. The race is held mainly in rural areas and organised by the rural people of Bangladesh. Usually a fair is also held on the bank of the river and the vendors sell various types of goods.
Kite Festival is celebrated in Dhaka, Bangladesh at the end of the Bengali month Poush. It is celebrated mostly around the southern part of Dhaka city. As part of the celebration, kites are flown high from the rooftops around the area in the afternoon. It often takes the form of kite fighting, in which participants try to snag each other's kites or cut other kites down.
Boli Khela is a traditional form of wrestling in Bangladesh, particularly popular in the Chittagong area. It is also considered as a national game of the district.
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